Indian students: where do they go?
Guest blogger: Jessica Guiver
“A couple of weeks ago I wrote that anecdotal evidence suggests this year fewer Indian students are applying to study in the UK than in the recent past. I partially blamed the discontinuation of the Post Study Work scheme, but I realize that’s too simplistic.
Last week heralded the annual event eagerly anticipated by international educators the world over; IIE’s Open Doors Report was published. The report declared that Indian student enrolment in the USA was down 1% from last year. This prompted extremist headlines which ranged from “Minor drop in number of Indians studying in the US” to “Are Indian Students Shunning America?”
What I’m wondering is: if they aren’t coming here to study, and they aren’t going to the USA to study, where are they going?
News reports this summer suggested that interest in Canada as a study destination is gaining. The New York Times reported a “Surge in Number of Indian Students Heading to Canadian Colleges”, although when you look at the actual numbers they are still quite small (12,000) compared to the number of Indians who chose the USA (104,000) in 2010.
And after several years of declining numbers, Australia is once again seeing an increase in visa applications from Indian students, thanks in part to the more relaxed immigration policies, although university enrolment numbers have yet to reflect this. (as reported by Australian newspaper The Age, “Indian students returning to Australia”)
I think it all comes down to market share and ‘education hubs’. The USA, the UK and Australia are seeing their market share of Indian students slowly being chipped away because of the proliferation of education hubs around the world. No longer does a student who wants to study overseas have to go to one of those three countries to get the kind of education they’ve been dreaming of.
Australian, American and British universities are opening branch campuses worldwide. Universities across Asia are opening branches in other countries. Governments everywhere are investing in higher education in order to make their nation the desired education destination. Everyone wants students from anywhere. The flow isn’t just East to West anymore; it’s now East to West, West to East, North to South, vice versa and diagonally. So Indian students (and all students) have more choice now than ever before of where they can go to study.
Of course the USA, the UK and Australia will always attract great numbers of students, but the option to go elsewhere is viable and compelling. It’s an exciting time to work in international higher education.”
Jessica Guiver is an international development officer for a UK university and a blogger. You can follow her on Twitter: www.twitter.com/intlrecruiter